3.0. Global Scorecard

The Global Scorecard shows the current state of the world and movement in trends since the baseline year. In Table 3-1, at the level of the overall environmental protection, we see that the world is still far from achieving international targets for the environment, with the equivalent of a score of 46.16. This is slightly better than the baseline score of 41.68. Just as we find at the country level, the overall global score is mostly pulled down by the policy objective of Environmental Health, which has a score of 31.50. Ecosystem Vitality, on the other hand, is more robust at 55.93 yet still shows much room for improvement. Since the baseline period, Ecosystem Vitality has increased by more than Environmental Health, perhaps indicating that gains from efforts to protect critical habitat and sustain natural resources have been more impactful than those that have sought to address dimensions of human and environmental health.

Trends over recent decades suggest that environmental quality is improving in several regards, indicating that the global community is moving closer to many of its development goals. The pace of progress, however, may not be fast enough to achieve the targets outlined in the Sustainable Development Goals and other international objectives. In the Ecosystem Vitality policy objective, Biodiversity and Habitat scores indicate the international community has achieved the Aichi Biodiversity Targets’ 10% conservation goal for marine protected areas well before its 2020 target. However, we find countries must continue to increase the size of protected areas within national boarders at an accelerated rate if they are to achieve the 17% terrestrial conservation target.

Table 3-1. Global scores for the EPI and sub-scores for policy objectives, issue categories, and indicators
 Current scores are based on most recent year of data available, and Baseline applies to data roughly one decade prior.
 

Current

Baseline

Environmental Performance

46.16

41.68

Environmental Health

31.50

28.16

Air Quality

33.82

32.74

Household Solid Fuels

22.10

14.77

PM2.5 Exposure

33.24

36.73

PM2.5 Exceedance

50.03

52.72

Water & Sanitation

25.19

17.24

Drinking Water

25.51

17.75

Sanitation

24.87

16.72

Heavy Metals / Lead Exposure

39.23

34.20

Ecosystem Vitality

55.93

50.68

Biodiversity & Habitat

58.12

45.91

Marine Protected Areas

100.00

47.90

Terrestrial Biome Protection

64.30

57.03

Species Protection Index

67.73

63.88

Protected Area Representativeness Index

37.04

26.57

Species Habitat Index

80.07

94.93

Forests / Tree Cover Loss

94.04

99.41

Fisheries

58.22

57.52

Fish Stock Status

65.89

73.17

Regional Marine Trophic Index

50.54

41.87

Climate & Energy

42.68

37.64

CO2 Emission Intensity (total)

31.34

25.47

CO2 Emission Intensity (power)

42.40

40.79

Methane Emission Intensity

64.61

58.16

N2O Emission Intensity

58.29

52.60

Black Carbon Emission Intensity

53.92

49.71

Air Pollution

47.74

38.06

SO2 Emission Intensity

40.48

32.42

NOX Emission Intensity

54.99

43.70

Water Resources / Wastewater Treatment

62.13

62.13

Agriculture / Sustainable Nitrogen Management 

47.69

44.02